Pre- Menstrual Syndrome (PMS)

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This refers to particular symptoms that a woman exhibits days before the start of her menstrual cycle. Although the Pre- Menstrual Syndrome (PMS) is common among teens in their 20s, some may not experience it until 30s. This might worsen in the 30s and 40s as women approach menopause. These symptoms can affect your health and your overall mood. This usually starts with a woman’s ovulation, that is, day 14 of your menstrual cycle (day 1 being the first day of your periods) and ends as your menses start.


  • Although doctors are not sure as to why PMS is severe is some women, they however do know that PMS for many is hereditary.
  • A lack of Vitamin B6, Calcium and Magnesium
  • Highly stressed lifestyle
  • High Caffeine intake
  • Lack of minimum exercise

Physical Symptoms

  • Cramps and lower back ache
  • Swollen and tender breasts
  • Headaches
  • Bloating

Emotional Symptoms

  • Irritability, anxiousness, mood swings
  • Loss of alertness
  • Either withdrawal from people or constant need for company to deal with loneliness
  • Over sensitivity
  • Depression

How to deal with PMS?

  • Eat at regular intervals with a maximum of 4 hour gap.
  • Avoid highly salted or sugary food, alcohol and caffeine.
  • Although you might experience a drop in your energy levels, consider exercising more during this period.
  • Doctors suggest trying supplements of vitamin B6, E, Calcium and Magnesium.
  • Have proper sleep of around 8 hours and try yoga and meditation to sooth your mind and body.
  • Ask for medical help if symptoms aggravate or sustain for a longer period. He might suggest you anti- depressants, pain relievers or therapy.

Anushree Ghosh

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